CBTi is a psychological intervention that uses multi-focused techniques to address different factors and behaviours which are likely to be driving insomnia. It helps people to develop and maintain healthy sleep habits and reinforces a positive association between going to bed and falling asleep.
There are three main components to CBTi:
- Cognitive interventions- to address unhelpful or inaccurate thoughts about sleep. This type of therapy can help you control or eliminate negative thoughts and worries that keep you awake
- Behavioural interventions- help to establish good sleep habits and to undo behaviours that keep you from sleeping well
- Psycho-educational interventions– education about the connection between thoughts, feelings, behaviour and sleep is central to CBTi.